Crawford County, Pennsylvania
History & Biography
Crawford County received its name in honor of Wm. Crawford, one of the participants and heroes of the Western frontier, who was burned by the Indians at Sandusky. It was taken from Allegheny County by an Act of March the 12th, 1800. The County is 41 miles in length, breadth 24 miles, containing an area of 974 square miles, or 633,360 acres.
So far as history will enlighten us, the first white men whose feet pressed the soil of Crawford County, were undoubtedly the French. In 1748 and 58, they attempted to extend their chain of Posts from Presque-Isle and Lebuf, one of the sources of the Venango River, to the Allegheny, and thus control the waters of the Ohio. As regards this County, they were only birds of passage, they having no motive to form any permanent establishment here.
Venango River, (or commonly called French Creek), enters from Erie County, meandering centrally through the County, passes through a corner of Mercer into Venango County, emptying into the Allegheny at Franklin.
Several other small streams water the County, viz: Cussewago, Big and Little Sugar Creeks, Oil Creek, Woodcock Creek, Muddy Creek and Conneaut Creek.
There are three handsome Lakes in the County. Conneaut is a beautiful sheet of water, about 4½ miles by 2½ miles, abounding with fine fish, and is now a favorite resort for the angler and sportsman. This Lake is noted for its double white pond lilies, peculiar, we believe, to the American Continent, springing from the bottom of the Lake; they expand their flowers when they reach the surface and sunshine. The other two are of smaller size, but equally picturesque and beautiful.
In 1789, David Mead and a few adventurous spirits with him, visited the valley of French Creek with the design of settlement.
Mr. Mead located three tracts, called in the Patent Meadville, Mill Tract and Cussewago Island. His first residence was on the site of James E. McFarlands present dwelling. It was then picketed for protection from hostile Indians. He afterwards built at the head of Water St., where <page 23> he died in 1816. Mr. Mead was the first Commissioned Justice north of Pittsburgh; he was one of the first Associate Judges, and held other offices, civil and military.
A Block-house, for the protection of the first settlers, was built on the corner of Water St. and Steerss Alley. It was removed in 1828, having served for the uses of the earliest school, a carpenter shop, blacksmith shop, and the residence of families in varied succession.
The triangular lot, on which it stood, was given by Mr. Mead to the citizens of Meadville for a common school, and by deed vested in Trustees, it was afterwards, by Legislative enactment, transferred to the Meadville Female Seminary with power to sell, and was by the Trustees sold to Thomas Wilson.
Water St. occupies the site of the ancient Indian path from Fort Venango to Fort Le Buf, in the days of the French occupancy.
Washington, in Dec. 1753, carried dispatches from Gov. Dinwiddie, of Virginia, to the French Commandant at Fort Lebuf, remonstrating against encroachment on the territorial rights of Britain. He speaks in his journal of the extensive flats of meadow land in our valley, but of a future Meadville he had no prophetic vision. The 10 years which closed the 18th century witnessed the advent of many settlers into this region; the valleys and the navigable streams were the first choice, as no roads existed, and by water was the only means of transportation.
The original plan of Meadville was conceived in 1790, but was matured and much enlarged by Maj. Alden and Doctor Kennedy in 1795. The first Church, Presbyterian, was organized about the year 1800, and Rev. Jos. Stockton settled as the pastor.
The first paper published in Northwestern Pennsylvania was the Crawford Messenger, issued at Meadville by T. Atkinson, Esq.
Meadville was incorporated as a Borough March 29, 1823, on the 16th of June following by the election of Thomas Atkinson, Burgess, Eliphalet Betts, James Hamilton, Jos. Patterson, Daniel Perkins and George Seldon, Council. In 1835 the Borough Charter was so amended that two Councilmen were elected annually to serve for three years. In 1838 the Charter was again amended by creating the office of Asst Burgess, and Jno. Dick was elected to that position.
In 1853 the Legislature was petitioned for the privilege of extending the Boro. boundaries, which being granted, the limits were fixed and remained so until the City Charter was obtained.
The 15th of February, 1866, a new Charter was granted by the Legislature <page 24> and Meadville became an incorporated City with Wm. Reynolds, Esq., as Mayor.
In 1816 the population was estimated at about 400. The census returns from time to time show a gratifying increase. The population in 1840 was 1,319; 1850, 2,578; 1860, 3,702; 1870, .
The City is pleasantly located in a beautiful valley on the east side of Venango River, (French Creek) surrounded by hills, which rise in gentle undulations on the east side, and afford desirable sites for residences, and fine grounds, and in every direction the landscape is unsurpassed for natural beauty and varied scenery. The City is unsurpassed in healthfulness by any in the Union, and, except in winter, very few pleasanter places can be found.
The public buildings and many private residences are of the first-class of Architecture, and few interior towns can boast of so many costly and tasteful dwellings.
Fine brick blocks have risen where, only a few years ago, the trade of the place was carried on in cheap, old-fashioned, wooden structures. Since 1860, Meadville has almost trebled in wealth and population, and the coming season bids fair to rival any of the past in good, substantial, business Blocks, of the most creditable character.
Meadville in 1805.
Comparatively few of the citizens of Meadville of to-day, know anything of the old time history of the place and its early settlers. Our venerable and esteemed townsman, Jno. Reynolds, Esq., has kindly furnished us with the names of those who were here in 1805. Mr. Reynolds was then going to school to Rev. Jos. Stockton, who, in addition to his pastoral labors, kept a school for boys.
WATER STREET, WEST SIDE.
General David Mead was the Associate Judge of the Courts of Crawford County, and his residence at the head of Water St.; H. Reichard lived where Thomas Braggins now resides, opposite Eagle Hotel; Jos. Hackney resided on the lot now Mr. Benfords. His store was the red building next north from Jno. McFarlands store. David Compton kept a tavern, known as the Washington House; Dr. Thomas R. Kennedy was Prothonotary, and his residence was on the property now occupied by Jno. Reynolds, Esq.; Bartholomew White, Tavern; Samuel B. Magaw, Merchant; John Garber kept the Bear Tavern.
WATER STREET, EAST SIDE.
Andrew Work, Merchant; Frederick Haymaker, Justice of the Peace; James Herriotts, Merchant; Henry Hurst, Sheriff; also Public House; Eliphalet Betts, Tailor; Wm. Dick, Carpenter; James Gibson, Tavern; Nicholas Conrad, Bakery; Jno. Davis.
Patrick Davis, Tanner; A. W. Foster. Atty at Law.
CHESTNUT STREET, SOUTH SIDE.
Richard Patch, Boat Captain; George Davis, Private Residence.
Andrew Graff, Private Dwelling; James Quigley, Sheriff.
CENTER STREET, NORTH SIDE.
Samuel Torbett, Nail Manufacturer; Wm. McFaddan, Teamster.
Wm. Shannon, Saddler; Wm. Burnside, Blacksmith; Thomas Atkinson, Publisher Crawford Messenger; Hugh Allen, Deputy Sheriff.
WALNUT STREET, SOUTH SIDE.
Jno. Brooks, Justice of the Peace; Wm. Moore, Private Residence; H. J. Huidekoper, Agent Holland Land Company; Joseph Hackney, Merchant; Jno. Patterson, Treasurer County.
Danl Holton, Teamster; Lawrence Clency, Blacksmith.
Rev. Jas. Stocktonwhere C. Cullum now resides.
SECOND STREET, EAST SIDE.
Maj. R. Alden; J. W. Hunter, Atty at Law; Martha Fisher; James Douglass, Schoolmaster.
The single men who boarded at the various taverns were:
Hon. Jesse Moore, P. J. of the Courts; Patrick Farrelly, Atty; Saml Withrow, Hatter; Sampson & Joshua Hamilton, Cabinet Makers; George McGunnigle, Tailor; Edward Work, Postmaster; Peter Huidekoper, Clerk in the office of the Holland Land Company; Ralph Martin, Atty; Jabez Colt, Land Agent.
The Courts were held in Wm. Dicks House, opposite the Corinthian Block. The Prothonotarys Office was in the upper story of a house opposite the Rupp House, and the Post Office was on the first floor of the same building.
The Jail was a log building on the ground of Thomas Bragginss residence, opposite the Eagle Hotel.
Most of the land on which the City stands was, in 1805, covered with a <page 26> heavy growth of forest trees, or but recently cleared. Mr. Reynolds had in his possession until recently, a hand-bill signed by the real estate owners of the village, setting forth in the advantages of Meadville as a point, and holding out inducements to persons at a distance to locate here.
The lots were offered at six dollars each, and were chiefly located on those portions of Water, Chestnut, Center, Walnut, and Dock Streets, which are now most densely populated.
In the fall of 1862 the Atlantic & Great Western Railwaythe connecting link of the broad gauge between New York and St. Louiswas completed to Meadville, and shortly afterwards the Franklin Branch Railway was extended to Oil City, giving the vast Oil Fields its first outlet by Railway. On the 1st of January, 1869 the entire Railway with its branches passed into the hands of the Erie Ry under a twelve years lease. Under the active management of the Assistant General Superintendent, O. S. Lyford, vast improvements are being made, the passenger and freight traffic being larger than any previous year, with a steady increase. There are at this place, built of brick, large work shops and engine houses, which with the houses belonging to the Co., and rented by employees cover an area of sixty acres.
Allegheny College, which is situated upon a beautiful piece of elevated ground northward of the city, overlooking the valley and surrounding hills, had its origin in a meeting of the intelligent citizens of Meadville, held June 20th, 1815. The leading spirit in this enterprise in behalf of education was the Rev. Timothy Alden, D. D., who became its first President. It was mainly due to his exertions that the means were raised for the erection of the main building, which took place in 1816-17. The institution was opened on the 4th of July, 1816, although the act of incorporation was not passed by the Legislature until March 24th, 1817, when the sum of $2,000 was granted by the State, which was subsequently increased to $7,000.
The very valuable library which the institution possesses was obtained mainly by the untiring zeal of Mr. Alden, who performed one or more tours through the Eastern States to solicit aid from learned and benevolent indi-<page 27>viduals for his infant seminary. The most liberal contributor was the Rev. Dr. Bentley, a Unitarian clergyman, of Salem, Mass., who had spent his life in amassing one of the rarest collections of theological works in the country. Harvard University had set her eyes upon this collection, and having bestowed a preliminary plum, in the shape of an L.L. D. Diploma, patiently awaited the Doctors demise. She occupied, however, the situation of Esau before Isaac, for Mr. Alden had previously prepared the savory dish, and received the boon. The portrait of Dr. Bentley still adorns the walls of the Hall of Allegheny Literacy Society. The valuable private libraries of Hon. Judge Winthrop and Isaiah Thomas, Esq., also both of Massachusetts, were added soon after to the College Library through the influence of Mr. Alden, the former being valued at the time at $6,500. But notwithstanding these and other liberal endowments, the College, which commenced its existence as a Presbyterian institution, languished.
Its more successful rivals for Presbyterian support at Carlisle, Canonsburg and Washington, drew so largely upon the patronage which that denomination at that early day was able to bestow, that President Alden was obliged to abandon the work upon which his heart had been largely set, and which, up to 1833, had been carried forward almost solely through his indomitable energy and perseverance. In 1829 an attempt was made to institute a military school at the College, but it proved unsuccessful. In 1833 the College was transferred to the care and patronage of the Erie and Pittsburgh Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and has since been in an exceedingly flourishing condition.
Seven Professorships represent three Departments, viz: Classical, Scientific and Biblical.
BOARD OF INSTRUCTION FOR 1871.
REV. GEORGE LOOMIS, D. D.,
President and Chamberlain Professor of Moral and Mental Philosophy.
REV. JONATHAN HAMMET, D. D.,
Vice-President and Bradley Professor Latin Language and Literature.
* * * *
Kramer Professor of Hebrew and Biblical Literature.
REV. JAMES MARVIN, D. D.,
Secretary and Professor of Mathematics and Astronomy.
JEREMIAH TINGLEY, A. M.,
Curator and Professor of Physics and Chemistry.
REV. AMMI B. HYDE, D. D.,
Librarian and Professor of Greek Language and Literature.
GEORGE F. COMFORT, A. M.,
Professor of Modern Languages and Literature.
Three spacious buildings contain Recitation and Reading Rooms, Chapel, Society Halls, Library, Appartus, Cabinets, and accommodations for boarding 100 Students. Apparatus and Cabinets represent a cost of over $40,000. All College classes are open alike to youth of both sexes.
MEADVILLE WOOLEN MILLS.
There is no Manufacturing establishment in Meadville, which has enjoyed more notorietywhich has seen more of the great and small things in business, or upon which has been expended more mechanical and business ability, than the Meadville Woolen Mills.
The works are owned and managed by our esteemed townsmen, H. S. & F. W. Huidekoper.
The mill is now making double and twist Cassimeres for the New York, Philadelphia and Boston markets, in each of which Cities their goods are sold, in competition with the Harris and Blackington Cassimeres. For their extensive home trade, they make an endless variety of Fancy Cassimeres, Flannels and Blankets.
The Office, Salesroom, and Wool Room, are in a three-story brick building, on Chestnut St., and in the rear, fronting on Center, are the Mill and adjoining buildings.
The arrangements of the Mill are complete; the machinery is new and of the best, and not a machine is wanting to make it a first-class manufactory. An average of 75 hands are employed, with an aggregate pay-roll of $40,000 per annum.
The production is about 5,000 yards of ¾ goods per week; the yearly production reaching about $250,000.
MEADVILLE AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENT WORKS.
This large establishment, located upon the southern border of the city on the line of the railroad, was established December 29, 1868, under the Act of the Legislature of the State, entitled An Act relating to Corporations for Mechanical, Manufacturing, Mining, and Quarrying purposes, approved July 18, 1863, by a company composed chiefly of enterprising citizens of <page 29> Meadville, and is devoted to the manufacture of Agricultural Implements. The capital invested is $100,000. It employs about 70 handsthe last monthly pay-roll exceeding $2,600.
The business during the present year is the manufacture of the Atlantic and Kniffen Mower and Reaper, of which five are turned out daily. This Company are the sole manufacturers of the Atlantic Mower, which is considered one of the best machines made. As a reaper of side delivery it is acknowledged to have no superior. During the coming year the Company expect to make a Hay-loader, Rake, and other implements, in addition to their Mowers and Reapers. The short time the Works have been in operation makes it impossible to give the exact yearly production, but we are pleased to record the fact that their business has been steadily on the increase since going into operation, and it is confidently expected to double or treble during the coming year.
DICK FOUNDRY AND MACHINE WORKS.
There is no manufacturing establishment in Meadville that commands more respect or, upon which has been expended more mechanical and business ability than Dick Foundry and Machine Works.
The former member of the firm, David Dick, Esq., has the reputation as an inventor which is world-wide; as a gentleman of profound scientific attainments he has few equals.
The works were established in 1864, by the former firm, Dick, Fisk & Co., (now Dick & Co.) and is located near the south end of Water St., on the railroad. The whole works have the capacity for the employment of 30 to 40 hands. Five tons daily, or 600 tons of metal are consumed annually. Castings of all kinds are manufactured, including Railroad, Rolling Mill and Coal-bank Castings, and almost every description of machinery, such as Steam Engines, and Mill Works, Shafting and Pulleys, of all sizes, Torpedo Cases, for exploding in oil wells, and machinery for oil wells, of every description. The capital invested is $300,000.
Enough has been said to show that Dick Foundry and Machine Works is a concern of more than ordinary importance, both as regards its connection with the prosperity of Meadville, and its excellence as an institution which supplies a special line of manufactures with better machinery than can be procured elsewhere.
SAYER & CO., PLANING MILL.
This concern, situated on corner of South Main and Willow Streets, was established in 1865 by the former firm, Halstead & Co., (now Sayer & Co.)
Its products consist of Doors, Sash and Blinds, Window and Door Frames, Mouldings, Flooring, Siding, Pickets and Fence Railing, &c., &c.
An average of 15 men are employed, with all aggregate pay-roll of $7,000 per annum. Amount of capital invested, $25,000.
The buildings of the concern are large and substantial. Upon the whole, Sayer & Co. are one of the most reliable business firms in Meadville, and a very valuable addition to the manufacturing interests.
EAGLE FOUNDRY AND MACHINE WORKS.
This prominent and well established firm, though old in years, lacks nothing in energy and enterprise, ranking among the best and most substantial works of the kind in Pennsylvania.
It is situated on Pine Street, upon the canal, just south of the canal bridge, and has been in constant operation for upwards of thirty years.
Its proprietor, Geo. B. Sennett, is one of the finest mechanics in the country, and one of our most active and enterprising manufacturers.
An average of 40 men are employed, making an aggregate pay-roll of $25,000 per annum.
Castings of all kinds are here manufactured. Driving Pipe, forOil Wells, Plows, &c.; of the latter 500 are made yearly. The Continental Brick Machine is also manufactured at these works.
Upon the whole, Eagle Foundry and Machine Works are one of the most reliable business firms in our city.
THOMAS & HARPERS, SASH AND BLIND FACTORY.
Located south of Dock Street on Railroad. Its products consist of Sash, Blinds and Doors; also an extensive business is done in Planing, Matching, and Scroll Sawing. The individual members of the firm are William Thomas and W. S. Harper, both mechanics of a superior grade. Amount of capital invested $20,000. Twenty hands are employed, making an aggregate pay-roll of $12,000 per annum.
It is a model establishment, reflecting credit upon its owners and a very valuable adjunct to the industrial resources of Meadville.
A. McMICHAELS CARRIAGE FACTORY.
This prominent and well established firm ranks among the best and most substantial Carriage Manufacturers in North Western Pennsylvania. The foundation of the present extensive works was first laid in Woodcock borough, but the demand being greater than the facilities, in 1866 Mr. <page 31> McMichael moved to Meadville, where, with due energy, care and perseverance, his work has claimed its present standing.
The amount of capital invested in the works is about $15,000. An average of 15 men are employed making an aggregate pay roll of $8,000 per annum.
150 buggies, 50 sleighs and 75 wagons are turned out yearly. In short there is not a more reliable manufacturing establishment in Meadville.
DUNNS CARRIAGE FACTORY.
This extensive and well known establishment, is situated on the corner of Water and Poplar streets, formerly known as J. A. Dunn & Co.; now as Milton Dunn, previously the Junior member of the firm of J. A. Dunn & Co. An average of 20 men are employed at an aggregate expense of $12,500 per annum. Amount of capital invested $25,000. The capacity of the works is about 200 carriages, 75 sleighs and 100 spring and market wagons; all of a superior manufacture, not surpassed for elegance, beauty and durability in Northwestern Pennsylvania.
This concern is situated on the lower end of Dock Street, on the bank of French Creek, formerly known as Horace Cullums Barrel Factory. The individual members of the firm are C. S. Cullum and Clinton Cullum, under the name of C. S. Cullum & Co. An average of 15 men are employed, at an aggregate expense of $6,000 per year. Amount of capital invested $8,000. The staves manufactured are shipped mostly to Cleveland and other points west. A large number of sugar hogsheads of a superior quality arc manufactured for New York parties. Upon the whole C. S. Cullum & Co., form a very important part in the industrial pursuits of Meadville.
FIRST NATIONAL BANK.
ESTABLISHED 1863CAPITAL $200,000.
C. A. Derrickson, President; G. Mosier, Cashier; James Ford, Bookkeeper.
MERCHANTS NATIONAL BANK.
ESTABLISHED 1865CAPITAL $100,000.
Jno. McFarland, President; James E. McFarland, Cashier; James E. McFarland, Jr., Teller; O. H. Kelsey, Bookkeeper.
MEADVILLE SAVINGS BANK.
ESTABLISHED 1867CAPITAL $100,000.
Cyrus Kitchen, President; S. P. Officer, Cashier.
BANKING OFFICE, J. R. DICK & CO.
J. R. Dick, S. B. Dick and J. M. Dick.
Societies and Lodges.
SOLOMONS HOLY ROYAL ARCH CHAPTER, NO. 191.
H. P., F. H. Foster; K., B. Frank Porter; S., Henry Church; Secy, J. B. Brawley; Treasurer, John Porter. Meeting, first Tuesday of each month, at half past six P. M., Masonic Hall, Water Street.
CRAWFORD LODGE, NO. 234, A. Y. M.
W. M., J. H. Culbertson; S. W., E. O. David; J. W., M. Park Davis; Secy, J. H. Lenhart; Treasurer, S. A. Torbett. Meeting, first Thursday of each mouth, at 6 oclock P. M., Masonic Hall, Water Street.
LODGE NO. 408.
W. M., Pearson Church; S. W., Geo. Porter; J. W., James Ford; Secy, Jos. Shippen; Treasurer, Meeting, first Monday of each month, at 6 oclock P. M., Masonic Hall, Water Street.
NORTHWESTERN COMMANDERY, NO. 25.
E. C., S. B. Dick; G., W. C. Hay; C. G., B. F. Porter; Recorder, James Ford; Treasurer, John Porter. Meeting, fourth Tuesday of each month, at 7 oclock P. M., Masonic Hall, Water Street.
CUSSEWAGO LODGE NO. 108 I. O. OF O. F.
P. G., Henry McCoy; N. G., J. B. Cochran; V. G., J. M. Butler; P. Secy, S. D. Culbertson; Asst Secy, A. J. Howe; Treasurer, J. H. Lenhart. Meeting Monday evening of each week, at 7 oclock, P. M., Carrs Block, Water St.
CRAWFORD LODGE NO. 734 I. O. OF O. F.
P. G., J. W. Hannen; W. G., C. W. Tylor; V. G., D. H. Boyd; P. Secy, Wm. F. Dixon; Asst Secy, J. F. Herrington; Treasurer, J. B. Compton. Meeting Tuesday evening of each week at 7 oclock, P. M., Carrs Block, Water Street.
OLYMPUS ENCAMPMENT NO. 82 I. O. OF O. F.
C. P., Henry McCoy; H. P., S. H. Ray; S. W., J. W. Hannen; J.W., J. T. Herrington; Scribe, Geo. Houser; Sentinel, J. Fox; Guide, D. H. Boyd. Meeting 2d and 4th Thursday of every month at half past seven, P. M., Carrs Block, Water Street.
AUSTIN LODGE NO. 164 K. OF P.
Wm. Fortenbaugh, Dist. Dept. G. C.; W. C., H. Vanriper; V. C., E. M. Dean; G., E. E. Stuart; I. S., S. Green; O. S., James Maxwell; R. S., C. W. Stuart; F. S., B. F. Blackmarr; B., S. W. Kepler; Trustees, D. H. Boyd, M. McFarland and S. S. Thurston; Rep., A. E. Smith. Meeting Thursday evening of each week, at half past seven oclock, P. M., Savings Bank Block, Water Street.
MEADVILLE CITY LODGE NO. 256 K. OF P.
W. C., Geo. Folwell; V. C., T. S. Hall; G., A. J. Walp; I. S., Henry Jones; O. S., H. W. Tenney; R. S., D. W. Lockhart; F. S., Wm. H. Stevens; B., J. E. Pollay; Trustee, A. McMichael; Rep., R. T. Nordaby. Meeting Friday evening of each week at half past seven, P. M., Huidekopers Block, Chestnut Street.
MEADVILLE LODGE NO. 78 I. O. OF G. T.
W. C. T., C. T. Wygant; W. V. T., Mrs. Sarah Paddock; W. S., George McBride; W. F. S., D. W. Broadhead; W. T., Miss Hannah Gebhart; W. M., Anson Beatty; W. C., Mr. Dyer; W. I. G., Miss Ella Walp; W. O. G., Mr. Kerr. Meeting every Monday of each week at 7½ oclock, P. M., Templars Hall, Betts Block, Water Street.
GOOD WILL LODGE, NO. 899 I. O. OF G. T.
W. C. T., O. D. Wheeler; W. V. T., Belle Hurst; W. S., J. A. Richardson; W. A. S., Marian Compton; W. F. S., F. O. Marvin; W. T., Mary E. Bosler; W. C., T. E. Woodring; P. W. C. T., Geo. W. Proctor; W. M., F. A. McCoy; W. D. M., ; W. I. G., Emma A. Miller; W. S., J. E. Davis. Meet every Tuesday evening at Templars Hall.
WILLIAMS LODGE I. O. OF G. T.
S. Curtis D. Dept.; W. C. T., A. A. Williams; W. V. T., Mrs. M. Hartchisson; W. S., J. W. Smith; W. F. S., J. G. Bowen; W. T., H. Butler; W. C., G. Henderson; W. M.; D. Lucas; W. I. G., Mrs. M. Filley; D. M., M. Butler; W. O. G., T. Carroll; A. S., J. Curtis; R. H. S., Mrs. Hemsley; L. H. S., Mrs. Barney. Meeting every Friday of each week at 7½ oclock, P. M. at Templars Hall, Water Street.
K. S. TEMPLE OF H. AND T.
W. C. T., H. Myers; W. V. T., Jno. Calvin; W. R., Roe Reisinger; W. A. S., Jno. Sturrock; W. T., Robt Andrews; W. F. K., Henry McCoy; W. U., M. H. Luse; W. D. U., A. E. DeLuce; W. G., P. Wentz; W. S., W. A. Logan. Meeting every Thursday of each week at 7½ oclock, P. M., Templars Hall, Betts Block, Water Street.
CADETS OF H. T. BEN FRANKLIN SECTION, NO. 34.
G. A., F. Bramer; V. A., W. Glenn. Meeting Tuesday evening of each week at half-past seven oclock, P. M., Betts Block, Water Street.
ST. BRIDES BENEVOLENT TEMPERANCE SOCIETY.
President and Treasurer, Rev. J. L. Finnucane; Vice President and Secretary, P. Cassidy. Meeting on Third Sunday of every Month at 4 oclock P. M. at Catholic School House, Center Street.
JEFFERSON LODGE NO. 1, A. O. OF U. W.
M. W., H. Williams; G. F., T. Irwin; O., S. Rossiter: G., L. G. Galloway; Receiver, H. Hartman; F., G. Hill; Recorder, J. Knorr; I. W., John Sherman; O. W., L. P. Patterson; Chap., A. Affantranger. Meeting, every Wednesday of each week at half-past seven P. M. Hall, Magaws Block, Cor. Water and Chestnut.
KEYSTONE LODGE NO. 4, A. O. OF U. W.
M. W., P. E. J. Fagan; G. F., E. L. Lyons; O., E. Brennan; G., Robert Koehler; Recorder, John Leonard; F., E. E. Stuart; Receiver, C. W. Stuart; Chap., C. H. M. James; I. S., Christ. Brennan; O. S., Wm. Ross; Trustees, T. Brennan, D. D. Hughes, S. W. Kepler. Meeting every Tuesday of each week at 7½ oclock, P. M. Hall, Magaws Block, Corner Water and Chestnut Streets.
HAMILTON POST NO. 98 G. A. R.
P. C., M. H. McNaer; S. V. C., W. H. Quay; J. V. C., J. B. Snyder; P. A., E. M. Hoffman; P. Q., W. Houtz; P. S., A. Thompson; Chaplain, R. Frazier; O. D., D. E. DeRoss; O. G., W. D. West. Meeting every Friday of each week at 7½ oclock, P. M., Hall above Democrat Printing Office, Water Street.
M. & B. UNION NO. 23 PA., MEADVILLE.
President, J. Evans; Vice President, S. Rossiter; Recording Secy, W. S. White; Financial Secy, B. Grieves; Treasurer, A. Oster; Conductor, C. Grimes; Door Keeper, W. Richardson. Meeting every Friday of each week at 7½ oclock, P. M., Hall, Magaws Block, Corner Water and Chestnut Streets.
GERMANIA MAENNER CHOR.
President, Henry Berg; Vice-President, Henry Rupp; Financial Secy, Chas. Veith; Corresponding Secy, J. Schnider; Treasurer, Peter Blurner. Meeting, every Tuesday and Friday of each week, at 8 oclock, P. M., Hall, Porters Block, Water Street.
MEADVILLE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY.
Meets every Monday at 7½ oclock, at Prof. O. B. Youngs Assembly Rooms. <page 36> President, Dr. J. C. Carroll; Vice-President, L. W. Thickston; Secy, F. O. Marvin; Treasurer, Wm. Roddy; Director, Prof. F. P. Boyington.
CRAWFORD COUNTY MEDICAL SOCIETY.
President, Dr. J. C. Cotton, of Meadville; Vice-Presidents, Dr. Arthur ONeil, of Meadville, Dr. G. W. Barr, of Titusville; Recording Secy, Dr. Stephen Volck, of Meadville; Corresponding Secy, Dr. J. P. Hassler, of Cochranton; Treasurer, Dr. Jno. T. Ray, of Meadville; Censors, Dr. Jno. T. Ray, of Meadville, Dr. J. P. Hassler, Cochranton, Dr. Wm. Varian, Titusville.
President, Phil Herber; Vice-President, H. Derandhor; Treasurer, P. A. Zimmer; Secretaries, J. C. Miller, A. E. Smith; Trustees, J. Fox, N. Bitner, J. Spohr. Meeting, every 1st and 3d of each month, at 8 oclock P. M. Hall over Democrat Printing Office, Water Street.
TERA CIRCLE OF F. B.
C., D. D. Hughes; Recording Secy, H. Goss; Treasurer, P. E. J. Fagan; Trustees, Wm. Coffey, J. McCauley, John Hanaway. Meeting every Monday of each week at 7½ oclock P. M., Hall corner Water and Dock Street.
MEADVILLE HEBREW SOCIETY.
President, M. H. Reefer; Vice-President, N. Stein; Secy, M. Miller; Treasurer, S. Shaler. Meeting first Sunday of each month, at 10 oclock A. M., Hall over Merchants National Bank, Water Street.
NAPHTALI LODGE NO. 150 INDEPENDENT ORDER OF BWAI BERITH.
President, E. Fleischmann; Vice President, Jacob Miller; Recording Secy, M. H. Reefer; Financial Secy, N. Stein; Treasurer, Joseph Stern; Mentor, S. Hilbronner; Asst Mentor, Aug. Nachmann; Warden, N. Mendel; Guardian, A. Einstein. Meeting every 2d and 4th Sunday of each month at 7 oclock, P. M., Hall over Merchants National Bank, Water Street.
MANEA LODGE NO. 18 D. O. H.
X. G., Martin Keener; O. G., Jacob Stadtler; U. G., John Erl; Corresponding Secy, A. Wagner; Financial Secy, A. Oster; Treasurer, T. Kellerman. Meets every 2d and 4th Sunday of each month at 7½ oclock, P. M., Hall over Democrat Printing Office, Water Street.
HARUGARI LODGE NO. 116 D. O. H.
X. B., Daniel Rosche; O. B., F. Redenauer; U. B., Phil. Harber; Corresponding Secy, A. E. Smith ; Financial Secy, A. Oster; Treasurer, Jacob Stadtler. Meets Monday of each week at 7½ oclock, P. M., Hall over Democrat Printing Office, Water Street.
Armory and Hall above Masons and Besansons, Chestnut Street.
Col. H. S. Huidekoper, commanding 20th Div.; M. Park Davis Judge Advocate; Capt., Thos. A. Stebbins; 1st Lieut., Marshall Little; 2d Lieut., Wm. Sweeley; Ord. Sergt Robt Koehler. Drill meeting every Wednesday of each week at 7½ oclock, P. M. Regular monthly meeting first Wednesday of each mouth at 8 oclock, P. M.
MEADVILLE SILVER CORNET BAND.
Meeting every Tuesday and Friday of each week at 8 oclock, P. M. Blystone Hall, Chestnut Street.
CITY LIBRARY AND READING ROOMS.
Incorporated 1867. No. volumes 2000. Rooms, Porter Block, Water Street. Open Wednesdays and Saturdays.
MEADVILLE DRAMATIC ASSOCIATION.
Organized December 1870. This Society, although young, commands the respect and attention of all interested in the promotion and advancement of Literary talent in our midst. We were unable at the time of publication to give the names of its officers, but feel safe in saying Meadville should be proud of her Dramatic Association.
FIRST (O. S.) PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH.
Located on Liberty Street, between Chestnut and Walnut. Rev. J. Gordon Carnachan Pastor. Services every Sunday at 11 A. M. and 7 P. M. Prayer meeting in Lecture Room, Center Street, Wednesday, 7 P. M. Sabbath School meets at 9½ A. M.
SECOND N. S. PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH.
Located on Center Street, near Public Square, Rev. R. Craighead, Pastor. Services every Sunday at 11 A. M. and 7 P. M. Prayer Meeting, Wednesday 7 P. M. Sabbath School every Sabbath.
FIRST METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH.
Located south side Public Square, Rev. A. Wheeler, Pastor. Services every Sunday at 11 A. M. and 7 P. M. Prayer Meeting, Sunday 6. P. M. and Wednesday 7 P. M. Sabbath School 9½ A. M., in Chapel rear of Church.
SECOND M. E. CHURCH.
Located on State Street, Rev. W. Sampson, Pastor. Services every Sunday at 11 A. M. and 7 P. M. Prayer Meeting every Wednesday evening at 7 P. M. Sabbath School at 9½ A. M.
Located on Corner of Chestnut and South Main Streets, Rev. H. P. Cutting, Pastor. Services every Sunday at 9 A. M. and 7 P. M. Sabbath School at 9 A. M.
CHRISTS P. E. CHURCH.
Located Corner of Walnut and Public Square, Rev. G. C. Rafter, Rector. Services every Sunday, 11 A. M. and 7 P. M. Sabbath School, 9½ A. M.
Located Cor. Center and 2d Streets, Rev. R. H. Austin, Pastor. Services every Sunday 11 A. M., and 7 P. M. Prayer Meeting, Wednesday 7 P. M., Friday 7 P. M. Sabbath School, 2 P. M.
GERMAN LUTHERAN CHURCH.
Located on Pine Street, Rev. Berger, Pastor.
ST. PAULS GERMAN REFORMED CHURCH.
Located on Park Avenue, Corner Poplar Street, Rev. D. D. Leberman, Pastor.
ST. AGATHAS ROMAN CATHOLIC (GERMAN) CHURCH.
Located on the Corner of Liberty and Pine Streets, Rev. M. J. Decker, Pastor.
ST. BRIDES ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH.
Located on Arch Street, Rev. Father J. L. Finnucane, Pastor.
UNITED EVANGELICAL PROTESTANT CHURCH.
Located on Poplar Street, Rev. George F. Kauffman, Pastor.
AFRICAN METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH.
Located Corner Liberty and Arch Streets, Rev. Benjamin Wheeler, Pastor. Services every Sunday at 11 A. M. and 7 P. M. Prayer Meeting, Wednesday 7 P. M. Sabbath School, at 9½ A. M.
VALUE OF SCHOOL PROPERTY $125,000.
SCHOOL BOARD.Joseph H. Lenhart, President; James Bates, Secretary; James R. Dick, Treasurer; John McFarland, Arthur Cullum, Dr. A. B. Robbins, Geo. Houser, C. M. Boush, J. W. Miles, George Burton, Z. F. Casterline. Superintendent, William C. J. Hall.
HIGH SCHOOL, VALUE OF PROPERTY $15,000.
Miss , Principal; Miss Belle Dow, Assistant.
NORTH WARD SCHOOL, VALUE OF PROPERTY $60,000.
John McFarland, President, Board; Misses M. L. Kepler, Principal; E. J. Fleming, Sue Kepler, Assistants; F. C. Steele, Principal Juvenile Department; V. Merritt, Tina Densmore, Reisinger, Assistants; Mary A. Flower, Principal Primary Department; Nellie McKean, Nellie Margach, Assistants.
HUIDEKOPER GRAMMAR SCHOOL, SOUTH WARD, VALUE OF PROPERTY $50,000.
D. R. Carter, President Board; Miss A. T. Edwards, Principal; Misses Boyd, L. A. Jones, C. J. Minnis, E. Edwards, M. M. Cooper, Jackson, Assistants; Mr. J. J. Miller, Assistant German Department.
The Meadville Fire Department was organized under its present management on the 4th of September, 1866, and is composed of the Cussewago (Hand) Engine No. 160 men, and located on Center Street, between Canal and Public Square. The Rough and Ready (Hand) Engine No. 260 men, located on Second Street, between Chestnut and Arch. Keystone Hook and Ladder Company No. 160 men, located on Chestnut, between Water St. and A. & G. W. Ry. Taylor Hose No. 120 men, located on Railroad, between Chestnut and Dock Streets. Hope Hose No. 235 men, located on Chestnut Street west of Water. Fire Police40 men, in same building. Torrent (Hand) Engine No. 360 men, located on State Street, above North. J. D. Gill (Steamer) 3 men. The whole in charge of a Chief engineer and two Assistants.
Chief Engineer, Jas. D. Gill; First Assistant Engineer, M. Park Davis; Second Assistant Engineer, David Keeling.
CUSSEWAGO ENGINE NO. 1.ORGANIZED 1849.
Foreman, Henry Oster; First Assistant, Peter Leinen; Second Assistant, M. Koopler; Secretary, J. F. Beaver; Treasurer, Peter Oster.
ROUGH AND READY ENGINE.
Foreman, Edwin Cushin; First Assistant, James Shartle; Second Assistant John McMullen; First Engineer, John Mattocks; Second Engineer, Wm. McFadden; First Assistant Engineer, Foster Bowen; Second Assistant Engineer, D. Sweeney; President, James Larkins; Vice President, Joseph Masson; Secretary, W. H. Addle; Treasurer, Alanson Marshall.
KEYSTONE HOOK AND LADDER CO. NO. 1ORGANIZED NOV. 24, 1865. INCORPORATED APRIL 15, 1869.
Foreman, ; First Assistant, Jas. W. Carny; Second Assistant, Geo. Carr; Third Assistant, F. J. Doyle; Capt. Axe, S. Green; Secretary, James McLaughlin; Treasurer, L. H. Long; Marshal, Jno. A. Carr; Steward, Joseph Deitch; Trustees; Thos. A. Stebbins, W. P. Porter, Harry Goss, Chas. Blystone, James Keenan, Hugh A. Irvin.
TAYLOR HOSE NO. 1ORGANIZED 1864.
Foreman, E. M. Hoffman; Assistant, W. H. Rose; Secretary, C. T. Wygant; Treasurer, M. Fox; Trustees, Samuel A. Klein, Wm. H. Rose.
HOPE HOSE NO. 1ORGANIZED 1865.
Foreman, James E. McFarland, Jr.; First Assistant, Mal. McFarland; Secretary, W. A. Logan; Treasurer, B. F. Frost.
INDEPENDENT AND FIRE POLICEORGANIZED 1869.
Captain, Wm. Gill, Jr.; First Lieutenant, J. H. Lenhart; Second Lieutenant, H. H. Thompson; Secretary, G. W. Adams; Treas., F. H. Foster.
J. D. GILLSTEAMER NO. 1
Engineer, D. H. Boyd; Fireman, Jno. Boyd.
TORRENT ENGINE NO. 3ORGANIZED 1869.
Foreman, George Sidler; First Assistant, Henry Stuart; Second Assistant, S. B. Cline; Secretary, J. Miller; Treasurer, George Smith; Captain, Hose, N. Ellsworth.
The general superintendence of the Fire Department is under charge of Board Engineers and Foreman of the Meadville Fire Department, composed of the Chief Engineer and Assistants, together with the Foreman and First Assistant of each Company. The Board meet 2d Tuesday of each month. J. D. Gill, Chief Engineer, is President and M. Park Davis, Secretary and Treasurer.
Mayor, A. S. Dickson; Councilmen1st WardH. L. Richmond, Jr., George Hamilton; 2d Ward, J. J. Davis, John M. Clark; 3d Ward; J. W. Miles, A. P. Affantranger; 4th Ward, John Mahoney, James Hazlet; City Solicitor, H. L. Richmond, Jr.; High Constable and Clerk, Henry McCoy; Treasurer, S. P. Officer; Chief of Police, David H. Boyd; City Superintendent of Schools, Col. W. C. J. Hall; Chief Engineer Fire Department, J. D. Gill; Street Commissioner, Wm. Roddick; Police Justice, J. W. Hannen; City Surveyor, J. F. Flagg.
Finance, Richmond, Mahoney; Claims, Davis, Clark, Richmond; Streets and Bridges, Hamilton, Davis, Affantranger, Mahoney; Public Buildings, Miles, Hamilton, Davis; Fire and Water, Affantranger, Hazlet, Miles; Market House, Richmond, Affantranger, Hazlet, Davis.
President Judge, Walter H. Lowrie, Meadville; Associate Judges, Wm. Davis, Jr., Meadville, E. H. Chase, Titusville; District Attorney, J. H. Smith; Prothonotary, H. B. Books; Register and Recorder, A. M. Smith; Sheriff, F. W. Ellsworth; Treasurer, L. L. Lamb; Clerk of Courts, A. J. McQuiston; Commissioners, James L. Boalty, D. A. Bennett, Henry Shaffer; Commissioners Clerk, O. H. Hollister; Keeper of Poor, E. O. David; County Superintendent of Schools, H. D. Persons, Cambridge Boro; Auditors, F. H. Bemis, D. D. Williams, James T. Ford; Jury Commissioners, S. S. McDowell, George Stewart; Sealer of Weights and Measures, W. W. Sterling, Spartansburg; County Surveyor, Thomas Vanhorn.